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Types of Fostering

types of fostering

When becoming a foster carer, you will become accustomed to the special needs of the children and young people waiting for a placement. Over time, you may then become specialised in certain different types of fostering placement. For example, children with disabilities and behavioural difficulties may need homes with specialist skills, whereas other registered carers may need short-term respite breaks. Children being transitioned from short-term care to permanent families may need an intermediary foster home, and some carers take in babies while others have a great deal of experience with disabled children.

Even if you are specialised in a type of fostering, it’s not guaranteed that you will always be called on for that specific type of foster care. One type of foster care may develop into another type. For example, short-term foster care often begins as emergency fostering when a sudden trauma in families results in children needing immediate placement and time is of the essence.

Different types of fostering UK

The types of foster care placements can be broken down into the following list:

Long-Term Foster Care

Some children are placed in foster care on a long-term basis. This can be from a young age until they are old enough to leave care at the age of 16, 17 or 18. Often, short term or emergency foster placements can turn into long term foster care placements, and these can also be known as permanent foster placements.

Short-Term Foster Care

Short-term placements, also known as temporary foster placements, provide a temporary home for a child or young person. This could be until they return to their birth family or leave care or move on to long-term fostering or adoption. Short-term fostering often begins as emergency fostering – from when a sudden trauma or event in families results in children needing immediate placement.

Emergency Fostering

Children can be taken out of their family home in an emergency. Sometimes little is known about the child/situation, but foster care is provided to look after the young person. This could be due to an incident that has happened in the home where the child is no longer safe – and needs immediate protection/sanctuary.

Remand Foster Care

Remand fostering is an alternative to police custody. It is a specialised type of fostering and it aims to get young people out of a police environment where they are given the space to think differently. This is where foster carers work with youth offending teams and accompany a young person back and forth from court. Usually, it’s not a long-term measure – and can be arranged at very short notice.

Therapeutic Foster Care

Therapeutic fostering is a type of fostering which requires special training and education in looking after children with complex needs. Therapeutic foster carers then become part of a specialist therapy team. These placements can be long-term or short-term. Carers have more training and a more comprehensive toolset to deal with more challenging behaviours.

Parent and Child Fostering

Parents (mother/father/both) can be placed in foster care together with their baby/child/children. The needs vary but specially trained foster carers look after the parent(s) and child(ren) and ensure safety while the parent(s) are assessed. This can be when a mother has a baby and it’s a difficult experience for her, meaning she needs extra help – yet adequate support is not always available from her family or friends. In a lot of cases, the mother of this placement could also be a young girl herself.

Parent and Child Assessment Foster Care

A child’s future may depend on your caring. Regardless of the different types of foster care you can be part of, your local authority is always taking in children and young people who need a safe place to stay. Although there is a need for all types of foster placements, short-term foster placements are the most common. If you’re still unsure on which type of fostering is for you, we’re here to help. Here at Capstone Foster Care, we are able to work with carers and provide the support and benefits required.

Respite foster care

Respite foster care is a type of short-term fostering placement where a child would be placed with a foster family in order to provide a breather to the current family. This could be for the birth family, adoption family, or a foster family. Respite foster care typically lasts from between a weekend to a week-long break, and it can be made a regular part of the foster child’s routine.

For more information on the different types of foster care or further advice on fostering in general, contact Capstone Foster Care today.

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